Top 5 MS Access Database Corruption Causes and Solutions

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In this blog, we are going to discuss five common MS Access Database Corruption causes and solutions to get rid of any kind of database corruption issues without any hassle.

Most of the time MS Access Database gets corrupted due to several unwanted reasons which leads to inaccessibility of Access database files i.e. ACCDB and MDB. Hence to cater such issues, we are going to highlight few common Access Database corruption causes and solutions here.

What is MS Access Database?

Microsoft Access is a data management tool that lets user store information for remark, reporting, and examine. It helps you evaluate huge amounts of information, and manage data better than Microsoft Excel. And the MS Access database management system associates Microsoft Jet Database Engine with a distinct UGI and software-development tools.

Database corruption in Microsoft Access reasonably common occurrence. So anyone who uses MS Access is probably have had faced database corruption i.e. the files become corrupted or damaged. There are various reason for the database corruption of MS Access that comprise both software and hardware issues. When this occurs, database files (ACCDB and MDB) become inaccessible and you are compelled to stop the project. Once the corruption has occurred you have to deal with the inaccessible data and trying to find the reason can seriously become a headache. So, it’s better to take precaution to avoid corruption in the future and here are the five MS Access database corruption causes and solutions. Let’s get started without any further delay.

Five Common Access Database Corruption Causes and Solutions

MS Access Database Corruption Causes and Solutions

Hardware Failure or Hardware Breakdown:

This is utmost common and doubtlessly main reason for the database corruption in most of the cases. If you have stored your Access database files in a hardware which is outmoded or have overused/ bad sectors that restrain the complete usage of the Access application, which would conclusively lead to the hardware crash. In this or similar situation database usually gets corrupt.

Software Failure or Software Issues:

After hardware failure, the second most common cause for the database corruption is software failure. The primary reason for this error is incorrect file system recovery. Other software failures like resource conflict on the file or system corruption also lead to the same.

Database by Multiple User or Inefficient Database Design:

If MS Access file is used by multiple users’ i.e. if the file is accessed by more than one user at a time, it would get corrupt or damaged with a doubt because Access database has a user limitation. Along with its efficiency is inversely proportional to the number of users use the database file. These are the major reason for the database corruption.

An inefficient database design is another reason for the database corruption. This happens when the coding of the database is left unattended. A small negligence in the coding can lead to overall efficiency of the database and thus results in an Access database (ACCDB) and (MDB) files corruption.

Virus or Malware: Corruption caused by the virus or the malware is considered as one of the most extrusive database corruption because viruses these days are built with advanced algorithms and codes which make them very hard to deal with. To counteract these viruses, deep and extensive research is required. These viruses and malware are so harmful to those databases corrupted via these are sometimes completely irrecoverable.

Sudden/Accidental System Shutdown: It is very an obnoxious way of database corruption as it does not give any kind of warning or sign before occurring. It can be caused by either accidental system shutdown, power failure or system overload while you MS Access file is open, it can result from minor data loss to prominently high corruption.

Also Read: SQL Database corruption Errors, Causes and Solutions

Native ways to avoid corruption in Access database

These are the major reasons behind the database Corruption. So try to keep them in mind from the next time. Now without further due let’s discuss the ways how to avoid corruption in Access database.

Hardware Failure solution:

Now you know hardware important factor for data corruption so you need to keep your hard drives updated and should have sufficient storage capacity. These are some of the methods to keep your HDD safe:

  1. Run chkdsk.
  2. Separate OS from user data.
  3. Watch out for static.
  4. Defragment drives.
  5. Take advantage of the power saver.

Software Failure Solution:

Use right file recovery so that the software stays in the good working condition. And also always keep your system distant from system and file system conflicts. You can use these methods to troubleshoot if you feel something is wrong with the programs:

  1. Free up RAM by closing other open programs.
  2. Reboot the program.
  3. Shutdown and restart your system.
  4. Undo any hardware or software changes.

Database by Multiple User or Inefficient Database Design Solutions:

As we have discussed using an individual file at once by multiple users can corrupt your database, so you should totally avoid doing it.

Virus or Malware Solution:

Always use an updated antivirus and keep your firewall active so that your system stays safe. Also regularly upgrade and update your antivirus to prevent the system from all virus and malware.

Sudden/Accidental System Shutdown Solution:

Best way to avoid sudden system shutdown to have the continuous power supply. Also always work carefully so that you do not accidentally shut down your system.

These are the methods you should always keep in your mind to avoid corruption in MS Access database. But still if somehow your Access database gets corrupted you need to repair or recover Access database using a third party tool.

Professional solution to Recover Access Database

Professional MS Access Recovery Tool is a perfect tool to repair or recover corrupted access database. This tool is very easy to use, quick and 100% safe. It can effortlessly recover/repairs corrupt MDB and ACCDB files of MS Access in no time. It can also recover large OLE and MEMO data and restores BLOB data. Along with it can easily recover all the data and file objects from corrupt database files. Dual recovery modes for the different level of corruption (Standard and Advance). And it is compatible with Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista, & XP.


In this blog, I have discussed few common Access Database corruption causes and solutions to fix or resolve database corruption effortlessly.



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